This article discusses the impact of the now legendary 1975 exhibition at the George Eastman House in Rochester, New York: New Topographics. Photographs of a Man-altered Landscape on photography in the Netherlands in general, and specifically with regards to the 2008 traveling exhibition Nature as Artifice. New Dutch Landscape in Photography and Video Art. It begins by going into several aspects of the Dutch landscape itself as well as the country's strong tradition of landscape painting. Together, these two elements make the context of landscape photography in the Netherlands rather unique. The article then examines the evolution of a new landscape photography, with photographers and their projects grouped according to characteristics previously encountered in the photography of the New Topographics. By defining similarities and differences between photographs of the New Topographics and Nature as Artifice, the author will arrive at conclusions to her enquiry concerning whether the earlier exhibition in any way influenced the latter, and if so, in what way(s) this influence occurred.