NOTES

20. Discussion with Joachim Schumacher on 24 July 2015 in Brunswick, Germany. In this context, it would also be logical to discuss the New Topographics’ impact via Bernd and Hilla Becher on their students. However, at least to the knowledge of the author, there has not been any scholarly discussion of the New Topographics’ direct impact on the Düsseldorf Photo School so far. Bernd and Hilla Becher started teaching at Düsseldorf Academy of Fine Arts in 1976. Christof Schaden has elaborated on the American-German exchange that the Bechers established and that was important for the work of Elger Esser, Andreas Gursky, Candida Höfer, Axel Hütte, Simone Nieweg, Thomas Ruff, Jörg Sasse and Thomas Struth. Schaden refers to the work of Stephen Shore as being of specific importance though and was criticized for this confinement. See Gronert 2011. However, in general art historians have argued a much wider field of photographic influences as being of importance for the Düsseldorf Photo School, such as conceptual art and minimal art. See Lippert and Schaden 2010.